“Switch: How to change Things when the change is hard” Book Should Every Libyan read it

By looking for any signs of how to change myself and my people, I have targeted some bestseller books that talk about changing and how to influence other people. I’ve done reading the first book. “Switch: How to change Things When The Change Is Hard” By Chip and Dan Heath. It’s an amazing book that I couldn’t stop reading it. I decided to give a summery, blink, or (الزبدة) of this great book here.

First of all, I’m going to illustrate some definitions that are used heavily in the book:

The Rider is the rational side of human brains. The rider goes for knowledge. He’s the thinker and planner. Most important he’s the decision maker.
The Elephant is the emotional side of human brains. It’s motivated and fueled by hope. It could be automated accordingly.
The path is the way to the change. It’s the situation or the environment that affects the change.
Heath uses the rider, elephant, and the path to illustrate the processes toward the change. Moving the elephant by the rider on the path from A to B is what the book is talking about.

Heath suggests that in order to make any change, we have to target one or more of the three parts. People or organizations could be directed to the full change by using one of combination of the technique in this book. Let’s make the change by:

Direct the Rider

This is where we should touch on Libyan people’s rational side. Unfortunately, lots of Libyans don’t use this side. I know it’s not actually true. But the truth is we are live more on our emotional side. Because “what looks like resistance is often lack of clarity” Heath says. For example, lots of regular Libyans, especially the old one, can’t understand the idea of using Visa Cards to purchase  stuff. Because they don’t have any idea on how it works, they refuse the change. They will keep using cash. Therefore, we could make it clear for them that their rational side (The rider) will have an image before making the change .Let’s target their rational side (the rider) by:

1-Find the bright spots :

Give them some case studies. Show them what’s working and not working. We have to dig deep of any bright spots in Libya or outside Libya that succeed. If something is working, we should copy it. Understanding what makes it work, analysis it, then replicate it. For example, Turkey has dramatically succeed creating modern developed country. Libyans should study and analysis their improvements, and then trying to replicate it . We should concentrate on the strength not on problems. Problem solving mood is waste of time. Instead, we should focus on successful things and ask how we replicate it.

2-script the critical moves:

Sometimes if we want to change, we have to remove the ambiguity. Uncertainty exhausts our brain. Then, we stop thinking about the change. Therefore, the path to the full change should be clear. As the rider controls the elephant, he should create some critical moves toward the change. You can write down the most important moves.  If we ask the child to go to school for the first time without hesitation, he will refuse. Because of the ambiguity in his first day. Thus, to make it easier for the child, go with him to the first day inside the class. Planing a head is important. But going too detailed with every move is not helping the change. Planing only just the critical moves is the best why to the rider. “If you want someone to change with new way, explain the new way clearly” Heath. We should change our goals to behaviors.

3-Point to the Destination:

Everyone is able to imagine the goal that one wants to reach. When you start your diet, you probably imagine how you are going to look like. Big goals motivate you (Both sides, rational and emotional sides). It’s like showing the best future of you. Imagine that Libya is a modern developed country. Then go back and ask what we could do to reach their. So, to motivate people, just point to the best destination. Heath refers to this as “Pastcard fro the future”. For example, once the revolution has erupted, every single Libyan has imagined how Libya will look like after the victory. This was a great motivation factor toward the change, and important fact removes ambiguity.

Motivate the elephant

This is the part where it gets excited. The emotional side (The elephant) is the most heavily side used by Libyans. The emotional side is easy to be guided. To make the switch easy and fast, we have to motivate the elephant. It’s easy to control the young Libyans by touching on their emotions. It’s used everyday in the current conflict (How they make impact on their opinion by the media). Therefore, this energy should be used in the correct place. Let’s use their elephant to motivate them for the good change. Let’s target their emotional side by:

1-Find the feeling

Most of the theories say that to change something we should perform analysis, thinking, and then changing steps in this order. However, to motivate the elephant, we need to perform it like this way: see, feel, and then change. That’s why we need to find the feeling. We should motivate the people to become interested in the change. For example, because of their feeling toward their country, Libyans in 2011 were full of motivation to change. Once they lose the feeling, Libya has fallen apart. A father could talk to his son everyday to pay more attention to his studies. But his son can’t get the importance of his study. Therefore, the father, in one of their trips, pointed to some homeless people who sleep in streets and said: son, if you don’t study, you become like these people. This is where we find the feeling. We need to find something that Libyans care about.

2-Shrink the change

It’s another term of “small wins“. The journey of 1000 mile starts with the first mile. People tend to do the short stuff first. So, to make the change easier, we have to split it into small parts. It’s easy to make impact on people feeling by convincing that the change is easy and quick. Once we finish the first easy thing, we will have the motivation to do the other things. For example, in Libya, we can focus on security issues first. Trying not over loaded ourselves with too much changes. Finishing the security issues, we can move to next things, such as education. By focusing on issues part by part we can improve Libya. Once we succeed in something, we will have the motivation to do the next step.

3-Grow your people

This is where we should touch on our identity. Grow your people means make them believe in their ability toward the change. We have to embrace the new Libyan identity as capable of the change. How to make this identity grow, by accepting the current situation as failure. Then, accepting the failure as inevitable but also useful. The failure teaches us how to improve. Not doing it again. The author of the book describes it as muscles that are not fixed but can be trained to become more powerful. That’s way we should implant it in our people. Once people become confident, it becomes easier to change them.

Shape the path

To make it easier for them to change, we have to make the path easy and clear. The path is embedded in our environment. When you drive your car on a road for the first time, you usually pay too much attention to the signs on the side road. So, our path toward the change should be marked down with good signs. Most importantly, make this path a cycle never end. Make it sustainable for the future change. Let’s target the path now by:

1-Tweak the environment

The author says what looks like people’s problem is often situation’s problem. That’s truth. Most Libyans when they travel, they follow the rules perfectly. For example, someone  throws trashes in his Libyan city. While outside Libya, the same person never does that. Why? because of our situation now. There are many factors don’t support the change, such as the absence of orders and laws. I’ve written a complete topic describes the effect of our environment toward the change. 

2-Build habits

The good habit helps the change. The elephant is the responsible of the habit part in our brains. Once we construct the perfect habit, we will get a free ride. The autopilot of our brain will start functioning without any rider’s intervention, which means relief and no stress. To build the good habit, we need to build the habit loop. If we setup it correctly, we will build habit that will make the change. I’ve written a topic talks about Libyan Habit and How to Change it. 

3-Rally the herd

When people lack of clarity, they tend to observe the other people and try to do what they are doing. It’s the social norms. It’s easy to follow other people if you don’t understand something. Such as in airports, when you don’t know where to go in terminal, you follow other people hoping they know the way out. Therefore, spreading the right behavior among the people makes it easier to change. Behavior is contagious.

I made  this video for more illustration:

Summary

When you want to change yourself to others, three important key components affect your success: The rider represents the rational side. The elephant represents the emotional side. The path represents the situation and environment.   The three factors make the change tangible.

 

What It Means To Be Libyan

Originally posted on Journal of a Revolution:

Yes, it’s another culture post. I’m a Libyan who’s obsessed with the intellectual revival of my country, okay? While political flame wars are fun, it’s the artistic manifestations of this unstable and contrasting country that piques my interest. I’ve written about our cultural bankruptcy and Libya’s lost literature. And yes, I’ve revisited this topic several times before.

Pictured: Something difficult to find Libya (the book, not chewing gum)

Pictured: Something difficult to find Libya (the book, not chewing gum)

What really pushed me to write about it again was a book, namely Chewing Gum, by Mansour Bushnaf. I stumbled on this book almost by accident. There was a BBC report called “killing books in Libya” in which the author himself describes the dismal state of publishing in the country. My compulsive googling habits led me to discover his recently published book, and my rage at being unable to attain a copy led naturally to a prolonged Twitter rant at the injustice of not being able to buy books…

View original 971 more words

What Would Be If Specifically Designed For Libyans ?

I believe the change starts with us by changing our behavior and our environment. Without government, restrictions, and law and order, we fall in complete chaos.

These are some ideas made specifically for Libyans. It’s just for fun. These things need to be fixed with other ways.

1- Moving out from traffic light in the red:

Car traffic light-01

2- Littering: throwing trashes out of window:

trach can-03

3- Disorganization and not driving  in lanes:

Highways with wall lanes

4- Disorganization and not standing in lines:

stand-01

Note: it works as well in Walmart during the Black Friday events.

5- Disorganization and not parking correctly:

Parking lot with walls

Yes, We Need ِAn Intervention To Help Libya.

 

intervention

 

Do you think this topic is to debate whether the UN should intervene in Libya or not. This topic focuses on the intervention in Libya not militarily, but culturally and ethically.

Anyone lives in Libya could observe the ignorance among Libyans. They lost their identity as an educated people “I don’t think I have ever seen a Libyan in Libya sitting and reading a book for pleasure” as Ann Marlowe describes her feeling after visiting Libya in 2011 . Instead, Libyan people keep neglecting the fact that improving any country requires discipline in anything we do.

Who we should blame? Gaddafi!! or ourselves. If we keep blaming the 42 years ago plus the last 4 years, we will never make any progress. As I always say that what happens in Libya now, it’s the result of the sum of laziness, irresponsibility, and ignorance together by Libyan people.

WAKE UP !! before we lose Libya.

Yes, we need an intervention. An intervention of waking us up.

“Often an intervention is an effective way to persuade loved ones to take the first step toward recovery”. This is what people do in western counties.

We need an intervention in Libya to change our perspective to the modern society.

We need an intervention to make us active and care about our work.

We need an intervention to implant in ourselves the word responsibility. Everyone should do his/her work perfectly.

Ann Marlowe says that it’s not the USA to be blamed for the chaos in Libya, Libyans should be blamed in her report.

“Libya could be a wonderful example to the world, of Muslims who threw off their oppressive government and set out to govern themselves democratically and to create a vibrant and open society. But for that, they would have to have a different culture than the one they’ve inherited” Ann Marlowe says.

 

It’s not coincidence that we have all these problems right now. The big issue relays on us. The absence of the modern culture for 42 years has effected the life in Libya.  Libyans treat their government as just an open bank for them. They totally depend on the oil. Many people work for the government. They receive the full salary, and should be working the full time that they got paid for it. However, they work only half the time they should be. And If they set and work, they wouldn’t do their job perfectly. To be clear, not everyone, but the majority does that. It becomes the Libyan culture of working at the government.

“Americans come from many backgrounds, but one thing most of us share is a work ethic. Libyans do not” Ann Marlowe says.

As I mention before, many countries used  foreigner managers to manage their life , such as UAE. It’s an intervention, not militarily, but ethically.I totally agree with  this type of  intervention, because I’m sure Libyans alone, this generation and the next, will not be able to build a modern society where everyone can take responsibility. The government should replace all Libyans who work in the government with other people by any nationality to work. Yes, it’s investment in the human resource. We will learn how to control our life according to the international standards.

 

10 Things You Can Do RIGHT NOW To Help Libya

tripoli libya

As Libya is going to be a failed state, I was wondering what I can do. You and I are not  political or  military people. We are just a normal civilians. So, probably we can do nothing and just watch our homeland collapse. WRONG!!

There are too much possibilities to do a lot of things to your country. I was thinking how to be an active to save and help  Libya. As I mention before in my topic Change Your Environment to Change Benghazi , the change starts from you.

I have shared 10 things you can do now for Libya  with my friends on Facebook. So, I’m just re-write them again here:

1- Get your car’s plate installed today. If you haven’t register your car yet, go and register your car today. It’s free for a limited time. Reducing the number of cars without plates, could save someone’s life from assassination.

2- Respect all the regulations and order. Be a good citizen by flowing every rules. Do NOT cross the traffic light in red. Do NOT steal the public assets. DO NOT be the cause to hurt someone else. Fighting the corruption starts from you.

3- Remove all dark sticker from your car’s windows. We don’t want more anonymous drivers cause problems.

4- Do NOT share any fake news. Make sure that its resource is reliable. If the news hurts someone, don’t post it in your Facebook wall even though it was true.

5- Do NOT comment or replay to anyone on social media with aggressive way. Try to respect other’s opinion. Listen first, then act accordingly with a good behavior. If the other person insists on his viewpoint, you shouldn’t debate with him anymore.

6- Do your job a 100% perfect. Arrive at you work on time. Leave at the time. Try to serve the other with smile. Try help the other people to get their stuff done. We don’t want any more stressful public service places.

7- BE optimistic. Do not use pessimistic words about Libya. If you feel upset with the current situation, just try to change it without negative actions. Do NOT post on your Facebook account “LIBYA IS OVER”. You have to  say just  “LIBYA IS GOING TO BE OK SOON”

8- Supplicate to ALLAH. Ask Allah every time in your pray to help us getting over it.

9- Advise other Libyans to do the good stuff. Every time you meet your friends, ask them to be  good citizens. Start with sharing this list with your friends.

10- Commit to do all this things in your daily life. We are the reason of the current situation in Libya now. Therefore, we will be the reason to over come all this obstacles. REMEMBER, the chain reaction effect. It will start with you, then will move to others.

2 Ways To Add and Find Your Favorite Places Online

Wikifoure

Last January, I talked about establishing your business online on Google Places.  Once people search for a specific business category, they will find a complete list of all businesses and their information. Related: Google Places: Few Steps to Publish your Business Online. It Works Perfect in Benghazi 

But if you want to find, let’s say, a mosque in Benghazi, you won’t find it online unless you ask one of your friends. To find this mosque online and its location on a map, someone has to add this information to any map online.
There are many ways that people can add places on a map online. Google places one of them. This two ways are easier and more informative than any thing else:

1- Using Wikimapia.org 

This website uses the idea of people can add their places. This is the easiest things I found online to add some places. The benefit from this website is people add informal places that no one think to add. It’s not official website that you get official places, but people who are the responsible for these places. The power of people is translated on this map. Go and check it. Try to write any mosque’s name and you will find it easily. Go to wikimapia and add your own places such as your home or your business. As much as people add places, the website will increase its credibility to becomes an important resource.

Screen shot

Screen shot

2- Using Foursquare App

Have you ever checked In using Facebook. Usually people like prove that they are in a specific and spacial place. They share that with other people. What if you find some good information on this place. This is exactly what Foursquare dose.
Foursqaure helps you to check in and gives you some information and people’s review on this place. Foursqaure is an app on your phone and it uses your GPS to locate your location. And then gives you informative review by people, such as best restaurant close to your location. It’s fun, playful, and informative. You can also access to Foursqaure.com  and check some places.

Foursquare

This app uses the power of people, because people who are responsible on adding these places. I use this app daily. I add as many places and review them as much to help other people finding the right information.
People should take advantages of this technology. They can adopt the new way of accessing data and information among this insanely increased technology.

Why Libya Is A Poor Country? يصير منها او لا

Tripoli SkylineLibya is a poor country because of the corruption. Despite the huge oil production, Libya stays as a third world poor country.

Immediately after the revolution, people started to imagine Libya as the new Dubai. Everyone was optimistic about this change. I was thinking the same. However, this dream of becoming a new Dubai in North Africa have vanished due to the current situation. There are to many issues in Libya right now. Political issues, corruption problems, and Civil war on the edge. It looks like we are going to stay a third world country.

Why Libya COULDN’T catch up with the other Developed world? We have all the required resources to become a first world country. This question is resonating in my mind everyday. Until one chapter in a book have answered everything for me.

It started while I was waiting my flight in Istanbul airport, going back to Benghazi after a short visit to Turkey. I have picked a book in the terminal. This book is The Under Cover Economist by TIM HARFORD.

Tim in his book talks about poor countries under the chapter is named Why Poor Countries Are Poor? Immediately I paid for this book, I wanted so badly. Trying to understand his point, which is almost close to my question on Libya.

During my visit to Turkey, I was fascinated by their development world. Turkey in the last five years their GDB have tripled. Turkey has paid off all their debts. Turkey is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Turkey in the near future will become the first growing economy in Europe. What’s the relationship between Turkey, Brazil, and Singapore? The common thing is they were so behind of the first world countries. They were poor countries. However, they caught up with other world. Their GDB has dupled. They have invested in man-made resources and human resources. In Turkey, I found places that are amazing even though I couldn’t find them in the US.

In Tim’s book, he describes this theory of catching up as “Dimensional Raising” which is almost the same the economic theory “Dimensional Return”

Dimensional Return is when you add more input, the output gets smaller. For example, If someone works in a company with one computer. This worker should produce a certain a mount of work. If the company gave him another computer, his productivity will increase by using more technology. However, If the company gave him a third computer, his productivity will not increase as the first computer. And with a fourth or fifth computer, his productivity will not increase at all. Therefore, poor countries, once they invest in infrastructure and education, they will gain too much compared to developed rich countries.

When I talk with my friends, I say that we ,as Libyans, can reach the other world easier than we think. Dubai is the best example. They didn’t have to invent the technology, they just have imported the technology. They have built the tallest building in the world. Do they really built it? In short period of time they could do many things that the developed world have taken centuries to do it. They became the Dubai of today and one of the most interested cities just in few years.

Dubai

Tim has connected the dimensional return theory with the idea of doing things that get results very fast. When a poor country invests in new infrastructure the output will be magnificent compared to the developed countries. If a poor country invests in the education, they will improve the quality of their lives very fast compared to developed countries they will have just more number of unemployed people.

Libya has all the resources to do exactly what UAE did in 90s. Libya is the seventh largest oil reservation in the world, and the first in Africa. We Do have a really interesting location in the heart of the world. Libya has the ability to become a leading country in North Africa and Middle East.

Libya could invest in man-made resources such as infrastructure, and invests in human resources such as education. We don’t have to do anything, we can import everything from the other world. We could employe talent people who are really good at managing and administration. They could manage our life for certain time until we could take the control of our lives. This is simple, Dubai actually didn’t built the tallest building in the world. People form other countries built it for them.

So, after all, WHY Libya CAN’T CATCH UP WITH THE DEVELOPED COUNTRIES? Tim in his book describes that due to the wide spread corruption. Yes, Corruption is the reason of becoming countries poor. Usually, people who are in charge invest in small things just to steal more money and keep hope for ordinary people. If they didn’t invest, they would lose everything at once. Therefore, they manage to keep small investments going on to steal more.

This theory is just rightful in Libya. Libya is one of the most corruption countries in the world according to Transparency International rank. All the natural resources and money have been stoled by people who are in charge.

For 42 years Gaddafi have done this. Libya is transforming to a democratic country. We have elections now, and I hope the people who will take the charge soon are as good as people of Turkey.

Let me know your thoughts about this in the comment section below. Help me to think deeply about Libya. By thinking and planing, we could accomplish something.

5 Ways We Can Improve Our Mosques (تطوير المساجد)

5 WAYS THAT WILL MAKE CHANGES

Muslims Pary

It’s the time that we should talk about the religion places in Libya, Mosques.
Usually we don’t criticize the religion places in Libya, as they are perfect as they are!! However, we should mention or recommend some changes to improve the experience of Muslims inside masjds in new era of technology and perfection.
To develop mosques in Libya, we need to add some things to the current situation. Let’s gather some points that will improve how we react and perceive our feeling toward our mosques.

1-HAVING A WEBSITE

Any mosques should have a website. This is something new in Libya. So, why having a website is helpful. Usually every Neighborhood in Benghazi has at least one mosque. Therefore, it acts as a community center. People who are in charge of the mosque can gather the contact information of their community. Then they can forward and send important news and events through their website. In addition, People can check the prayer time and islamic events on the website.
We should take advantage of the technology that we have today. The Emam gives the Khotbha every friday prayer. The Khotbha (an Islamic Lecture) requires time to be prepared. It’s important to be documented for the future. Thus, recording the Khotbha using a video camera and uploading it to YouTube is the best way to improve the Khotbha. Everyone who enjoys the Khotbha can go back to the mosque’s website and watch it again.
In addition to all that, the website could have Emam’s contact information and other addition important things such as a donation page.

This is an example of a mosque’s website.

2-INSTALLING TV SCREENS

There are many places inside mosques that preyers can’t see the Emam. It’s knowing for good engaging with the Emam is through watching and listening at the same time. Places such as women’s prayer rooms are blocked from the main prayer place. As long as we use the technology, we can install a TV and a camera to record and stream the Khotbha live on TVs in side the isolated places.

3-PROVIDING ENOUGH SPACES FOR SHOES

The problem always is the piles of shoes in front of the mosques. You Finnish your pray and prepare to leave the masjed, then you have to fight to get your shoes. The problem is basically consists of two things. The first is there’s no enough storages to store your shoes. The second thing comes from people who miss order and store their shoes. They just through them on the ground and just get inside to pray. To solve that, we could provide enough space of storage to keep our shoes.

Photo Jun 06, 1 18 17 PM

4- NEW LAYOUT

More than 90% of mosques design is one large prayer space connected directly to the streets.With this layout, we will not have enough space to install the shoes storages. In addition, there’s no a transition space from the street to the mosque. It’s like a hotel without a lobby. Therefore, we should include an open hall (lobby) as a transition space. Then, we could install a good number of shoes storages in this lobby. We can use this space for many things, such as advertisement for the next events and gathering donations. So, architects should include this space in their upcoming new design.

No Lobby

With Lobby

5-CREATING PATHWAYS

Usually after finishing the pray, some people start leaving, and other just staying a little bit longer. Because we pray on the ground in raws, people start crossing other people who still seated. This way creates a chaos inside mosques.However, if we take the concept of theaters with the idea of aisles, we can create a smoother movements. Instead seating on the side walls, we leave them empty to be used as a clear pathway. So imagine if everyone start to leave take this path!!

Peryer Seats-02

Peryer Seats-01

So, these are a quick points that I observed and decided to write about them here. I’ll keep updating this topic every time I find new things need to be added.

Marketing_Chain_Reaction

Chain Reaction Effect on Libyan People

Chain Reaction effect

Watch this video first, then keep reading!!

This is what Chain Reaction looks like. Now, imagine if the wooden sticks were the people, and the fire was either good thing or bad thing. People live in clusters. They like living close to each other. They, simply, prefer to live in society.

I have written about the habit among Libyans in one of my topics. If we want to change the Libyan habit, we should change the individuals to change the society .

Social Change

People tend to follow each other. If there’s a new fashion, It’s only a fashion if a certain number of people decided to make it fashionable. We like something only because we like the idea of other people will like too. This is important for a society. People love the idea to be fit within the others. Therefore, If we want to change people’s behavior within their society, we must flame the fire in the sticks.

The fire could be anything good. If we tried one thing and we waited to see the result, It will never work that way. Changes should be consistence, repeated steps. Most importantly, we should remind the people every time about this change. That’s the only way. Ask the people to change every time you meet them. Ask them to do the right things.

Standing in perfect lines

This is a good example of chain reaction. I have taken this photo inside one of Benghazi’s mosques.Chain Reaction

There’s a printed paper is sticking on the wall. It says that prayer should stand on the line. Their heels should be aligned with the back line. It was mounted in the perfect spot. Because people in the first raw will read it. Usually people inside the mosque are so polite that they follow any instructions. So, once people in the first raw read it, they will adjust their position accordingly. The magic will happen. People in the second raw will adjust theirs according to the position to the first raw without reading the paper. Then, the chain reaction will occur among all the other lines.

The idea of the chain reaction is important for our society. Good behavior is easy to spread out as much as the bad things. Sometimes the bad behavior easier to spread out because it carries the reward. Yes, the reward of breaking the regulation as I explained that in my Habit topic.
We should keeping insistence to change Libya. I’m so tired of the way things here is getting done. I keep informing people that what they do is wrong. I know they know it, but I just say it, maybe something it will change. (وذكر) Just keep reminding them until we find the chain reaction within our life.

bad-habits

How We Change The Libyan Habit?

The ultimate guide for Libyan Habit

Imagine that you are driving your car in Benghazi’s streets. You are approaching a traffic light. You want to turn left. And you find the left lane is full of cars, and probably you will miss the green light for the fist time if you stand in the left lane, so you have to wait a little bit longer. At the same time, the middle lane and the right lane are empty. Here, you could choose one of the two choices:

Choice one:

You keep your car in the left lane, waiting for the green light even though you will miss the first one. In this case, you are following the regulations.

dddd-01

Choice Two:

You choose to go to the middle or right lane. Standing there and waiting for the green light. Even though you are not following the regulations, and that causes disorganization in the traffic movement.

Design Road -01

Usually, I do the second choice without thinking. Suddenly, I find myself standing in the wrong lane. I’m just following my habit, not the rules. Many times, when I’m totally aware, I force myself to stand in the left lane where I should turn left.

THE LIBYAN HABIT:

I notice that more than 95% of Libyans do the second choice. They do that unthinkingly. They do that without thinking. Their auto pilot is taking their action without any permission. In other words, their habit is taking the control.

THE POWER OF HABIT:

I have become interested with the idea of habit. Habits could be good or bad. I started digging deep about the psychology of habit especially for Libyan habit. I could identify thousands of bad habits.For example, throughing trashes out of the window while they are driving.

I start looking for more information about the habit. Then, Boom, I found a really good book. The Power of Habit book is really interesting, entertaining, and informative book. I have spent more than 3 weeks reading it. In this topic, I will try to overlay what I have got from the book and the reality of Libyan habit.

THE HABIT LOOP:

Charles Duhigg, the author of the book, explains the habit as a loop contains three parts. The first part is the cue or the trigger, which is the reason that you do things. The second part is the routine, which is the thing you do. The third part is the reward, which is what you win or get after doing things.

downloaddd

For more explanations, think about the smoking habit. People who smoke usually feel they want to smoke when they angry, tired, stressed, or depressed. So, they flame a cigarette. This is the cue. During the smoking they do the second things which is the routine. After they start to smoke they feel relief, which is the reward part. So, every time they feel anything, they think about smoking. They do that many times over and over.This is the structure of the habit.

ddwe-01

Duhigg thinks most people think about habit as the only routine. However, once you identify the habit loop, you are half way to change it.

LIBYAN HABIT LOOP:

Let me apply the habit loop on my first example of the habit of the traffic light. Once you approach the traffic light, you see the left lane is full of cars. That is the cue. The fullness of cars is the trigger that you don’t want to take longer time stopping at the light. Once you move to the other lanes, the right lane for example, you will establish the routine. If the light traffic becomes green, and you would go faster than people who stand in the left lane. That is the reward part, the third part of the loop. Doing these steps many times and everyday, you became unaware of this habit. That’s our behavior, but our brain is turn off. That’s exactly what happen in Libya.

THE HABIT OF THE WHOLE CITY:

Wake up Benghazi is a blog that deal with issues related to Benghazi. If we understand the root of any problem, we could find the cure. The habit of Benghazi is basically based on the collective amount of individual habits. In other words, any city is basically a huge habit consists of many habits.

City Habit

Many time you hear some people say that city is more genius than that city. For example, I hear many people say the people New York City are mean. We are talking here about the whole city. One habit could be repeated among the people. One way behavior becomes habitual is through repetition.

In my first example, the traffic light, we could see this habit widespread in Benghazi streets. So, anyone who live out of Benghazi could notice this habit through any traffic light. Keeping doing this habit will result chaos within the city. The most difficult thing, people start do not realize that as a chaos. They start understand this as a good thing.

CHANGING BENGHAZI HABIT:

We all now know the city is basically a huge formation of habit. To change the habit of any city, we have to change the people’s habit who live within the city. However, it’s so hard to do that. Or, it’s impossible to change everyone.

Charles in his book gives some interesting facts on how we change the organization habit. To change the whole city, we have to change the keystone habit. The keystone habit is a powerful habit that if it changed, it could make different and change the other habits. This reaction called the chain reaction. If you change something, it changes the other things.

For example, If we assume that wearing the seat belt is a keystone habit. If we make the people wear it everyday through repetition until it becomes a habit. This habit will change people perception to the social norms. For sure, their driving habit will get better. People will start following the rules on the roads, then they will change the other things such as not throughing trashes out of the windows in streets.

Charles gives an example of the keystone habit in his book. A man who became the CEO of one the biggest companies in metal industry. The only thing this man address in his new challenge was the safety habit. By reducing the amount of people who everyday get injury to zero percent. This man wanted everyone to be in perfect health. The safety habit changed the employee perception to the company. They have changed for better. Their productivity increased, and the profit of the company have increased.

Finding the Keystone habit is the most important part to change Benghazi habit. To change the keystone habit, we need to indentify the cue, routine, and the reward. Then, we can change the routine by using the same cue and getting the same reward.

Usually a great tragedy can change the habit. For example, the revolution have changed some habits in Libya. People became more aware of their rights. However, the revolution generated new bad habits.

My thought on the keystone habit for Libya is the self regulation. If we push up this habit among people, we could gain the reaction chain for other things. We should follow the notion Fake it until you make it.

Charles gave many examples on how you implement the keystone habit among the people. By sandwich it among other things. To influence people to do something good, we need to add the recipe of the good habit between other normal things. Make the new habit familiar without noticing.

How we could do that? How we change the Libyan habit without make them thinking about it?

This is the question need to be address to everyone lives in Libya. Some people says by education. Some people says by applying the technology. And I think by the self regulation.

The habit is what we do unconsciously. Changing the habit could be easy or complicated. However, once we identify the habit and we become eager and welling to change it, you are on the way to change it.

Let me know your thinking. I know you are exhausted of reading this long blog topic. But your thought is important to everyone. Please don’t hesitate commenting in the comment section below.