The Principles of The National Dialogue in Libya

Tripoli Airport

Once I meet with my friends these days, all we talk about is the current situation. Every one picks a side. We talk for hours without convincing each other. The point is we have different views, but we share one thing. We have the common goals which are building and developing Libya. In the reality, the different parties have taken the weapons as the way of talking. When two Libyans are fighting, that means a civil war.

Civil wars last for years and  usually finish with national dialogue. People of the one nationality usually do not notice they are in a civil war. They will realize it after killing many people and destroying their country. A civil war ends with national dialog or peace talk. For example, Lebanon had a civil war for 16 years. Eventually, they reached a settlement. So, they eventually sit together. Some countries did that too late.  Do not do what Sudan did. The delay of national dialogue could divide Libya into three parts.We should perform now. People start splitting up into groups. I support that party and I against you.

Libya now faces a conflict among more than three parties. Libyan Dawn Operation is basically combination of Misrata Militias and some Tripoli, Zleten, Tajura, and Nalot militias. Libyan Dawn Operation represents the moderate islamic parties (Political Islam). Brotherhood is the most famous organization in political islam party. The other party is the Liberal, as the political Islam call it. General Hafter’s army (Dignity Operation) and the House of Representatives are the most famous members in the side. There’s a third party, which is the extremisms. They don’t believe in democracy. 

This map shows the Libyan conflict

Libya Conflict Map 2014

To demonstrate what happen when the people of these parties start debating, let’s take the usual dialog among Libyans in these days:

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

Swaeq and Qaqa (Pro Hifter) are not enrolled in the Ministry of Defense

Dignity Pros:

Misrata Militias are not acutely enrolled in Libyan National Army

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

Hafter uses the HoR to establish important decisions.

Dignity Pros:

Militias were used by GNC to establish important decisions

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

It’s anti-revolution by Pro-Gaddafi

Dignity Pros:

Brotherhood coups the legitimation and trying to control the country by their militias

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

Revolutionizers (Thwar) are the protecters of 17th Revolution in Libya

Dignity Pros:

The national army with police are the only ones who protect Libya

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

Revolutionizers are the only legitimate body who fought against Gaddafi

Dignity Pros:

Revolutionizers (Militias) are now out of control

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

The HoR are not legitimate body

Dignity Pros:

The HoR are the only legitimate body

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

There’s no army in Libya now unless it’s Gaddafi’s army

Dignity Pros:

There’s army in Libya now and should stand out

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

The 17th Revolution is still active and not finished yet

Dignity Pros:

The 17th revolution is no longer active. We should starting building Libya

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

The HoR asked for western intervention. They are betrayers    

Dignity Pros:

The HoR asked for stopping fighting and dissolving militias

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

HoR is being controlled from outside

Dignity Pros:

GNC and militias are being controlled from outsider

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

Revolutionizers must build the new political regime of Libya

Dignity Pros:

Libyans should participate creating the new democratic Libya

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

UAE is behind the HoR support

Dignity Pros:

Qatar is behind the GNC support

Operation Libyan Dawn Pros:

Mahmoud Jebril is a duble agent to UAE and Egypt

Dignity Pros:

Salabi  is a duble agent to Qatar

Not the military action in Libya would change the current situation and solve all this debate. Only the national dialogue among all parties. Not the political decision only by House of Representatives could dissolve to current crisis. Only the national dialogue. Not the western intervention could solve the conflict. Only the national dialogue. However, when we talk about the national dialog, we should understand and consider some basic principals:

Every party has to start the dialog or peace talk with 50% chance they will be wrong. Do not assume that one of them are 100% rightful.

Every party should be willing for giving up some of their privileges. To reach the peaceful with your opponents, you should waive some of your rights to their rights.

Every party has to start the dialog with chance of other party will be your partner. It is not good making enemies.

Every party should keep calm whatever happen. They should make sure all their members keep calm during the dialog. Keeping relaxing will reflect on your opponents.  It is important to show the respect to  each others.

One of the Libyan traits is stubbornness. Do not be stubborn. Instead, be flexible and open to other’s opinion.

The national dialog should be not biased to one party against the other. Should be standing in the middle between all other parties.

And these some questions from Civil Society Dialogue Network we need to consider before starting the national dialog:

Q1: How large should national dialogues be?

Q2: How wide should the inclusion net be cast?

Q3: What constituencies need to be included?

Q4: How should their representatives be selected?

Q5: What is their relationship to existing institutions (HoR and Gov)

Q6: What are their decision-making powers?

These question should be answered through negotiations among the key political parties in Libya.

We have to sit down together, and ask ourselves what the common thing that we have. The answer should be Libya or caring about Libya. This is the starting point, and It could be the 1%. The 99% things could come along by just peace talk. Israel and Hamas reaches the cease fire by just talking. Why not ? 

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